Chanel – privately held French company owned by Alain and Gerard Wertheimer, grandsons of Pierre Wertheimer, who was an early business partner of the couturière Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel. It is a high fashion house that specializes in haute couture and ready-to-wear clothes, luxury goods and fashion accessories.
Gucci is an Italian fashion and leather goods brand, part of the Gucci Group, which is owned by French company Kering formerly known as PPR. Gucci was founded by Guccio Gucci in Florence in 1921. It enjoys the position of being the biggest-selling Italian brand.
Dolce & Gabbana is an Italian luxury industry fashion house. The company was started by Italian designers Domenico Dolce and Stefano Gabbana. In 1982 they established a designer consulting studio. They presented their first women’s collection in 1985 in Milan, where a year later their store would open its doors.
Armani is an international Italian fashion house founded by Giorgio Armani, which designs, manufactures, distributes, and retails haute couture, ready-to-wear, leather goods, shoes, watches, jewelry, accessories, eyewear, cosmetics, and home interiors.
Prada – Italian luxury fashion house, specializing in ready-to-wear leather and fashion accessories, shoes, luggage, perfumes, watches, etc. Founded in 1913 by Mario Prada and his brother Martino as a leathergoods shop.
Versace – Italian fashion company. The first Versace boutique was opened in Milan’s Via della Spiga in 1978. Versace designs, markets, and distributes luxury clothing, accessories, makeup, and home furnishings under the various brands of the Versace Group.
Dior – French luxury goods company controlled and chaired by businessman Bernard Arnault who also heads LVMH Moët Hennessy • Louis Vuitton – the world’s largest luxury group. Founded in 1946 by the eponymous designer Christian Dior, today the company designs and retails ready-to-wear, leather goods, fashion accessories, footwear, jewelry, timepieces, fragrance, make-up, and skincare products.
Louis Vuitton – Louis Vuitton Malletier, commonly referred to as LV, is a fashion house and luxury retail company founded in 1854 by Louis Vuitton. The label’s LV monogram appears on most of its products, ranging from luxury trunks and leather goods to ready-to-wear, shoes, watches, jewellery, accessories, sunglasses and books. Louis Vuitton is one of the world’s leading international fashion houses; it sells its products through standalone boutiques, lease departments in high-end department stores, and through the e-commerce section of its website.
Valentino – Italian fashion designer and founder of the Valentino SpA brand and company. His main lines include Valentino, Valentino Garavani, Valentino Roma and R.E.D. Valentino. In 1959 Valentino opened a fashion house in Rome.